How to become a Primary School Teacher in Australia

How to become a Primary School Teacher in Australia

Primary School Teachers are trained and registered educators of children between the ages of 5 and 12. They implement a curriculum prescribed by the government and designed to develop children’s numeracy and literacy skills as well as encouraging social and emotional growth. Primary School Teachers educate their students on a number of subjects, including maths, science, English, technology, arts, humanities and social science, health and physical education.

Utilising a range of technologies and techniques, Primary School Teachers engage students in the learning process according to level of ability, age and individual needs. They help children develop their creative abilities, problem-solving skills and powers of reason, preparing them for the move into high school education. Primary School Teachers are also responsible for evaluating and assessing the progress of their students, communicating regular updates to parents and administrators.

Are you patient, understanding and caring? Do you want to help shape the minds of the future? Here are the steps you will need to take to become a Primary School Teacher in Australia.

Step 1: Complete your high school education.
In order to become a Primary School Teacher, you will first need to successfully complete your Senior Secondary Certificate of Education (HSC, QCE, VCE etc) and qualify for enrolment into a university course.

Step 2: Complete a bachelor degree or higher.
To register and gain employment as a Primary School Teacher within Australia, you are required to complete a Bachelor of Education (Primary) or higher with an accredited education provider. This will give you a sound understanding of how best to work on students’ development, methods for engaging with them and the importance of how education can help children mature. During your studies, you will also have the chance to work closely with registered teachers while on work placement, enabling you to gain valuable experience in the field and providing you with exposure to the day-to-day duties involved in Primary School Teaching.

Step 3: Apply for registration.
Once you have completed your education you will need to apply for registration in your state or territory. Registration is subject to both a working with children and a police check before approval and will initially result in a Provisional Registration. This will allow you to gain employment as a teacher but you will have to provide evidence of performance to be upgraded to ‘Proficient’ level and gain your full registration. Each State and Territory has its own governing bodies and guidelines for registration, so please refer to the resources section at the bottom of this page and select the State or Territory you are intending to teach in to find a link to the appropriate information.

Step 4: Apply for work.
Finding work as a recent graduate in teaching can be difficult but there are a couple of things you should keep in mind to help you gain employment. Firstly, there are more teaching opportunities in rural and remote areas across most of Australia, so consider the possibility of relocating out of the more metropolitan areas to find work. Secondly, if relocation is not an option, then it is recommended that you approach as many schools as you can and introduce yourself in person. Many schools will be happy to keep you on file in case they require a substitute teacher or someone to fill in for leave-takers and once you show them that you are a great teacher you should start to get more and more work.

What does a Primary School Teacher do?
Primary School Teachers plan and conduct educational programs for children aged 5 to 12 based on the prescribed curriculum developed by the government. They assist with the development of children’s numeracy and literacy skills, problem-solving abilities, creativity and social skills. Primary School Teachers prepare lesson plans teaching a range of subjects, such as mathematics, English, science, health and fitness, creative arts and social science. They monitor and assess the progress and abilities of each student, providing regular reports to parents and administrators in order to ensure that each child gains as much as they can from their primary education.


  • Preparing lesson plans in accordance with approved curriculum.
  • Educating students on a variety of topics.
  • Facilitating students’ emotional, mental and social development.
  • Maintaining order and discipline in the classroom.
  • Supervising children throughout the day.
  • Monitoring and assessing children’s progress.
  • Organising and supervising activities such as concerts, camps and excursions.
  • Providing updates and discussing student progress with parents and administrators.

Skills for Success
Primary School Teachers need to be friendly and approachable as well as calm, patient and caring. They require excellent communication skills and the ability to build rapport with their students. A Primary School Teacher must be organised, ordered and dedicated to the mental, emotional and physical wellbeing of their students. They must be knowledgeable, enthusiastic and motivational with great leadership skills and a supportive nature. Above all, a Primary School Teacher must enjoy working with and helping children of all types and levels of ability.

Skills & Attributes

  • Patience and understanding.
  • Great organisational abilities.
  • Excellent communication skills.
  • Dedication to helping students learn and grow.
  • Ability to lead and motivate.
  • Enthusiastic and approachable manner.

Average Salaries

What does a Primary School Teacher earn in Australia?
The average Primary School Teacher in Australia earns around $60,835 per year. This varies depending on experience and location and is intended as a reference only, from Payscale 03/18

min $41 K
max $90 K
av $61 K